Quick Answer: How Can You Tell If Someone Is Slow Mentally?

What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?

The condition is further divided into four levels of retardation based on IQ, which include mild mental retardation (IQ between 50-55 and 70), moderate mental retardation (IQ between 35-40 and 50-55), severe mental retardation (IQ between 20-25 and 35-40), and profound mental retardation (IQ below 20 or 25) (American ….

What are the signs of low IQ?

Lower than average scores on IQ tests. Difficulties talking or talking late. Having problems remembering things….IQ <20.Significant delays in all areas.May respond to regular physical and social activity.Not capable of self-care.Cognitive abnormalities present.Needs close supervision.Requires attendant care.

What is borderline mental retardation?

The term borderline intellectual functioning describes a group of people who function on the border between normal intellectual functioning and intellectual disability, between 1 and 2 standard deviations below the mean on the normal curve of the distribution of intelligence, roughly an IQ between 70 and 85.

What are the types of mental retardation?

Mental retardation comprises five general categories: borderline, mild, moderate, severe and profound. Categories are based on scores obtained through use of age-standardized tests of cognitive ability (Table 1).

What is the life expectancy of someone with mental retardation?

Results. Kaplan-Meier survival plots showed a strong negative association between severity of intellectual disability and survival, with median life expectancies of 74.0, 67.6, and 58.6 years for people with mild, moderate, and severe lev- els of handicap.

What are the signs of high IQ?

Here are some subtle signs that you are considerably smarter than you think.You took music lessons. Research suggests that music helps kids’ minds develop in a few ways: … You’re the oldest. … You’re thin. … You have a cat. … You were breastfed. … You’ve used recreational drugs. … You’re left-handed. … You’re tall.More items…•

What is the most common cause of mental retardation?

Down’s syndrome is the most common specific cause of mental retardation, followed by the Fragile X syndrome, which mainly affects boys.

How do you deal with a mentally challenged person?

SPEAK DIRECTLY. Use clear simple communications. … OFFER TO SHAKE HANDS WHEN INTRODUCED. … MAKE EYE CONTACT AND BE AWARE OF BODY LANGUAGE. … LISTEN ATTENTIVELY. … TREAT ADULTS AS ADULTS. … DO NOT GIVE UNSOLICITED ADVICE OR ASSISTANCE. … DO NOT BLAME THE PERSON. … QUESTIONS THE ACCURACY OF THE MEDIA STEREOTYPES OF MENTAL ILLNESS.More items…

Can mental retardation be reversed?

In a case of life imitating art, researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (M.I.T.) reported today that they had successfully reversed mental retardation in mice, just as scientists did in the classic 1966 novel Flowers for Algernon.

Does mental retardation get worse with age?

Like the general population after age 50, people with mental retardation, who do not have Down syndrome, experience a gradual decline in overall intellectual capacity, a decrease in their speed of recall, and slower general cognitive functioning.

How do you communicate with mental retardation?

Use simple, direct sentences or supplementary visual forms of communication, such as gestures, diagrams, or demonstrations, if indicated. Use concrete, specific language. Avoid abstract language and simplistic wording. When possible, use words that relate to things you both can see.

Does retardation run in families?

X-linked mental retardation is severe. Some patients require total care and may not have language ability. The condition runs in families and only affects the male offspring. So far only a few of these genes have been identified.

Can mental retardation be treated?

A small study of 30 people with the most common inherited form of mental retardation has found encouraging evidence that some symptoms of the disorder can be alleviated with drugs.

Can MRI detect mental retardation?

Background: In mental retardation (MR) an aetiological diagnosis is not always obtained despite a detailed history, physical examination and metabolic or genetic investigations. In some of these patients, MRI is recommended and may identify subtle abnormal brain findings.

Who is the person with the lowest IQ?

The 41-year-old man, identified only as “Alan,” scored in the “moderate mental retardation” (MR) range of the Wechsler classification, which organizes IQ scores into various categories.

How can you tell if someone is intelligent?

12 Ways to Tell Someone Is Really Intelligent (and Not Just…Elon Musk on How to Tell if People Are Lying: “When I interview someone … … Consider the time scales they operate under. … They’re able to delay gratification (drugs, sex, etc.).They can simplify and deep dive.They have the ability to walk you through things step by step, without requiring great leaps.More items…•

What is the cause of slow thinking?

Some people may have a genetic predisposition to age-related white matter decay, a poorly understood but actively studied hypothesis. In other individuals, slowed processing speed could be the first sign of a neurodegenerative illness, such as Alzheimer’s disease. Head trauma, including concussions, may play a role.

How do you test for mental retardation?

Three things factor into the diagnosis of intellectual disability: interviews with the parents, observation of the child, and testing of intelligence and adaptive behaviors. A child is considered intellectually disabled if he or she has deficits in both IQ and adaptive behaviors.

What is severe mental retardation?

Definition. Severe Mental Retardation is defined by the presence of significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning as well as significant limitations in adaptive functioning (adaptive behavior) present prior to the age of 18 years.

How early can you detect mental retardation?

The onset of mental retardation is in childhood, before 18 years of age. The diagnosis is generally made after infancy, between the preschool and school-age periods. Sometimes the diagnosis may be made later, at the time when a thorough assessment is performed.